Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a potentially life-threatening condition caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). It is a sexually transmitted infection and can also be spread by contact with infected blood or from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth or even breast-feeding.
Globally there are an estimated 38 million people who are suffering from HIV, and more than 33 million people have already died, making it one of the deadliest epidemics in history. India is amongst one of those regions which have the most extensive HIV cases in the world.
Started from 1988, every year on 1st December the world observes AIDS Day. An opportunity for us to come together in the fight against HIV. Each year, people, and organizations around the globe draw attention towards the HIV epidemic to increase awareness and knowledge, tackling stigmas, and plan out responses to move towards the end of the HIV Epidemic.
The theme for this year’s observance is – “Ending the HIV/AIDS Epidemic: Resilience and Impact.”
The stigma and discrimination in society is still a truth for many living with the condition. Hence, World AIDS Day is important because it reminds everyone that HIV has not gone away and the need to raise funds, increase awareness and challenge prejudice is still an important task to cater.
We need to understand and educate ourselves for an active approach to push an impactful surge in how people perceive HIV/AIDS.
How HIV spreads?
No, it doesn’t spread by sharing a meal with someone.
- Unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected person.
- Contaminated blood transfusions.
- Sharing of contaminated intravenous equipment like Syringes.
- Transmission within a mother and child while pregnancy, and breastfeeding.
How to stop HIV?
There is no vaccine or cure for AIDS. But you can protect yourself and others from this infection.
- Practice safe sex – use condoms, avoid multiple partners.
- Get regularly tested for STD’s.
- Ensure every blood is tested for HIV before transfusions.
- Consult your doctor regarding HIV transmission to your unborn.
- Avoid injecting drugs.
Let us build a world where every person living with HIV can live with dignity and is provided with quality care. HIV/AIDS needs more awareness to end stigmas and discriminations. With the efforts of Various NGO’s and Governmental Organizations, we have been able to develop an efficient mode of prevention and understanding through care and support. Still, we have a long way to go.