Summer is the ultimate time when you can plan fun-filled vacations to the beaches or spend a relaxing time with your friends and family in the pool. But Sun’s glaring rays can cause a great deal of wear and tear to your skin, which includes sunburn, inflammation, pigmentation, white spots, freckles, and premature aging. Repeated exposure can even lead to skin cancer.
Although you might not see the damage immediately, the sun’s ultraviolet rays damage the fibers in the skin, known as elastin. Due to this, your skin might start sagging eventually. Hence, before you head out to relish that warm weather, take proper measures to protect your skin.
Tips to Look After Your Skin in the Sun
Research shows that it takes hardly 15 minutes of scorching sun to cause damage to your skin. Follow the below-mentioned steps to keep your skin safeguarded, replenished, and hydrated in the sun.
Use Sunscreen: This is your first defense against sun – sunscreen. However, your sunscreen will only prove useful if you pick one with the right Sun Protection Factor (SPF). Dermatologists worldwide recommend applying sunscreen with a minimum SPF of 30 as it blocks 97 percent of the sun’s rays, while SPF 15 blocks 93 percent.
Make your Sunscreen Work for you: Applying sunscreen is not enough, you need to make sure it works for you. You can do this by keeping these factors in mind:
Apply sunscreen at least half an hour before stepping out.
Remember to apply it below your make-up.
Reapply every two hours to keep yourself protected.
Use sunscreen on every exposed section of your body.
Type of Skin: Not every sunscreen will protect your skin from the sun, even if you use it the right way. It is because a particular type of sunscreen works for a particular type of skin. So choose your sunscreen depending on the type of your skin. Here are some things you need to keep in mind.
If you have sensitive skin, choose sunscreen with ingredients like zinc oxide or titanium oxide with a high SPF.
Choose a sunscreen that has a moisturizing effect in case you have dry skin.
If your skin is acne-prone, then opt for a sunscreen that is non-greasy and with no scent. There are sunscreens formulated explicitly for acne-affected skin, which will not clog your skin’s pores.
For oily skin, sunscreen with a lightweight formula will work the best. If you have severely oily skin, then sunscreen with a matt finish is suitable because this will not make your skin appear oily.
Skin Tone: Another factor you need to keep in mind to protect yourself from the harmful effects of sun is your skin tone. Different sunscreens work differently for different skin tones. Here are some things you should know:
For people with fair skin tone, sunscreen with higher SPF is recommended, preferably SPF 30.
For darker skin tones, regular application of sunscreen is advisable. If the lotion’s white residue is troubling you, then choose a tinted sunscreen cream or lotion.
Drink Water: Irrespective of the season, keeping yourself hydrated is one of the best ways to maintain a fabulous skin. This replenishment becomes more critical in the summers when you tend to sweat more than usual. By keeping your skin and body hydrated, you can significantly lower the chances of sun damage.
Eat the Right Vegetables: Including a fair share of fruits and vegetables in your diet helps keep your health at its best. But some studies show that a diet replete with vitamin C, vitamin E, lycopene, and beta-carotene can boost your body’s protection level against sun damage. Fruits and vegetables are extraordinarily rich in antioxidants and can help in reducing inflammation.
Cover Yourself: You must apply sunscreen, but at the same time, you must use sun-protective clothing like a lightweight, long shirt, wide-brimmed hats, sunglasses, or a kaftan.
Limit the Exposure Time: If possible, avoid going out between 10 am to 4 pm as this is when the sun’s rays are the most extreme.
Find Shade: Even if you have taken all the necessary precautions, seek shade under a tree or use an umbrella as often as possible. This can undoubtedly minimize skin damage.
Check your Skin: Keep checking your skin regularly. If you notice anything alarming, for example, any rash, or any unusual growth, any patch, do consult a dermatologist without delay.
Medications: Certain medications such as antifungals, medicines for blood pressure, and a few other kinds of drugs can make you sensitive to sunlight. So, be extra careful if you are taking any such medication.
Healthy Skincare Routine: Apart from the factors mentioned above, you must follow a skincare routine dedicatedly to keep your skin safe. This includes a good face wash, a toner, and an exfoliator. Be gentle on your skin and avoid using harsh products.
Avoid Unhealthy Food Items: Sugary and aerated drinks and junk food do not have any nutritional value and may weaken your defenses against sun protection.
Although protection from the sun’s radiation is essential throughout the year, your skin needs a little extra care during the summers. With these simple tips, you can confidently step out in the sun, and also boost your skin’s overall health.