Most attractive and beautiful women around have taken lots of efforts to remain so. It doesn’t come easy. A proper diet, right genes and the right products will make a lot of difference. Catering to the varied requirements of each individual, the beauty segment has come up with so many different kinds of products and services. Every product is unique in its own way and has few compositions and ingredients for a particular usage. Unfortunately, the brands bombard us with so many complex features and ingredient names for every single item that they send out that we are lost in this jungle and fail to pick up the right product for us.
These brands are not to be blamed. Every feature or benefit specified in a name might carry some significance. It is our duty to be aware of these technical stuffs to choose what is right for us.
This article is a compilation of all those terminologies you will find written in most face creams, sunscreens and cleansers available in Indian market. Have a look and you might really know what you buy the next time you are out shopping!
Paraben is a preservative used in a lot of cosmetics and beauty products for the skin and hair. It has anti bacterial and anti fungal properties and increases the shelf life of these products. They can be found in shampoos, conditioners, face washes, face creams, moisturizers and even in few toothpastes. Researchers have found increasing connection of Paraben with breast cancer. It also seems to increase early puberty in girls and can cause skin allergies in few people. Make sure you choose a product that says ‘PARABEN FREE’.
When a product claims to be hypo allergenic, then it is less likely to cause any form of allergies when compared to other products. Keep in mind that it does not promise hundred percent allergy free compositions. It is just a notch safer than those that do not claim to be hypoallergenic.
EDTA stands for Ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid and is a preservative for the texture, smell and color of most cosmetic products. It therefore increases the shelf life and is found in almost all range of personal care products. EDTA exhibits low toxicity when orally ingested and is carcinogenic in nature. Though there are no proven studies of their toxicity when used externally on the skin, it is better to stay away from it. Try choosing products that are EDTA free.
There are few terms that are commonly used in sunscreens/ sun blocks. What are they and what do they mean?
Do I need to explain this in detail? We have been reading about UV radiations from our primary education classes. UV rays from the skin are known to cause a lot of damage to human skin including premature ageing, wrinkles, hyper pigmentation, dark spots and even skin cancer.
UV rays fall in three categories:
- UVA rays – These are the most harmful and longest of the waves. They cause maximum damage to skin
- UVB – Short waves. Causes basic skin problems
- UVC – Very short and doesn’t reach the skin to cause any damage.
PROTECTION GRADE OF UVA (PA)
This is a term that was coined by the Japanese and it the protection from UVA rays that cause problems including darkening and pre-matured ageing of skin. There are several ranges of PA factors ranging from PA+ to PA+++, the latter being the highest level of protection.
Sun Protection Factor is a term that denotes how protected the skin is from UV rays. The higher the SPF factor, the greater will be the protection. Usually a 50+ SPF level is good for Indian summers.
BROAD SPECTRUM PROTECTION
There are two kinds of UV rays that harm the human skin – UVA and UVB rays. A broad spectrum sunscreen blocks both these rays and this is an important factor to check when buying such creams and gels.