Blood sugar or blood glucose is the primary source of energy for your body and comes from the food you consume. When you eat a meal, then sugar levels are usually at their highest—which powers your brain muscles and other bodily parts.
But when you eat more sugar than your body requires, it retains the leftovers in your liver and fat tissue, saving them for energy afterward. If you have not consumed enough of it and your body needs more food, the body can use that which you have stored.
This balancing act regulates sugar levels within range all day & night and sets the healthy functioning of the body.
Who needs to monitor blood sugar?
For people living with Type 1 diabetes, blood sugar monitoring and insulin administration is the standard of care. Patients have to monitor their blood sugar levels several times a day to get themselves injected with insulin to replace what would have been made in the pancreas.
For those with type-1 diabetes, the goal is to keep
Daily blood sugar content between 80 and 130 mg/dL (4.44 to 7.2 mmol/L) before meals.
After meal numbers no higher than 180 mg/dL (10 mmol/L).
On the other side, treatment for Type 2 diabetes does not require these necessary insulin calculations and is typically maintained with the same drugs’ regular administration on a fixed schedule. For those without type 2 diabetes,
The normal range of sugar levels should be between 70-99 mg/dl between meals.
During and right after 2 hours of eating, sugar levels can reach as high as 140.
However, having Type 2 diabetes means that it is difficult for your body to balance the amount of these sugars and as the condition progresses. It becomes even more difficult for your body to use sugar and store it from the food you eat.
This positions sugar levels outside the target range and knocks your body out of balance over time. The imbalance may have an effect on your eye, and kidney, feet, heart’s health.
High Blood Sugar Vs. Low Blood Sugar
To help us in explaining the symptoms that can occur because of high and low blood sugar levels.
Let’s assume, when the gun fires in a race, a person with “low blood sugar” would be puzzled and does not take off because of his low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia).
Having sufficient sugar in the blood is necessary, as this is how sugar is transmitted to the brain. If the brain has too little sugar, it can cause shakiness, clams, and weakness. The blood sugar level should be monitored promptly when symptoms occur, which usually is lower than 70 mg/dl.
After knowing of hypoglycemia, a person should immediately eat or drink something that contains 15 g of sugar or carbohydrates. A person could also take a plunge of 1 cup of low-fat milk.
The other runner represents high blood sugar or hyperglycemia. Although he can win the race comfortably, he was only running at pace because he had to urinate. The additional sugar in the body is no different from our hyper-runner because when sugar travels, it eliminates water from wherever it goes inside the body.
If glucose is raised over a point, it will spill out of the blood and into the urine and drag water out with it.
The end outcome will be that it increases urination frequency, which makes the person very sedated and exhausted. If this condition continues, the person may have blurred vision and could experience considerable weight loss.
What is the right time to check your blood sugar?
Many people have had diabetes for years and are uncertain when their finger-stick tests must be done. We shall cover some basic rules on the right time for finger stick blood sugar checks, which apply to most people with diabetes.
Know the basics.
The most effective time to check your blood sugar is no more than 15 minutes before a meal and 2 hours after a meal. The first reading of blood sugar taken before breakfast is called “fasting”. Readings taken two hours after a meal are called “postprandial.”
Less might be more.
Check your blood sugar before a meal and bedtime. It fits well because it is easier to remember. Furthermore, testing before meals and at bedtime gives the doctor enough details to decide about your diabetes treatment. With 4 finger sticks values in a day, the doctor will get about the same details as what they can get with six.
The number of finger stick checks per day is different for everyone.
The amount of times that a patient should test its blood sugar is specific to the patient. When diabetes is well controlled, doctors can recommend not monitoring sugar at all. But when a patient is on insulin, they recommend a patient to monitor blood sugar three to six times a day, depending on the number of injections.
Don’t discriminate; alternate.
It is almost as necessary to change the time of day when testing your blood sugar as when checking it. Apart from checking levels in the morning, you must check levels before lunch, before dinner, and at bedtime. Most diabetes patients have elevated blood sugars after a meal. By only checking the blood sugar in the morning after fasting, patients will miss discovering the real problem.
Diet and exercise are vital and help the body maintain a healthy level of sugar. However, when diet and exercise are not enough, a treatment plan needs to be modified.
Finally, always remember to talk with your medical provider to discuss the best plan of action for your health and not self-medicate.