Your eyes tell the tale of your entire health. They are the window and soul of the body and require special attention. Do you know that your optometrist can diagnose a brain tumour or high blood pressure by just analysing your eye?
But when people don’t feel they have an issue with their vision, they don’t follow a proper eye care routine each day and often skip regular tests with an optometrist. These tests are necessary to track your overall eye health and well-being, even if you don’t need corrective vision care.
Eye Test and Exam:
Getting comprehensive dilated eye tests is particularly necessary because there may be no warning signs in some eye disorders. Eye examinations are the only solution to stop these diseases in their early stages when they are easy to treat.
It not only helps detect eye problems like glaucoma, cataracts, and macular degeneration, but prevents, intervenes, and treats all conditions in your eyes.
Here we mention some standard eye tests performed by a doctor:
A visual field test measures your side (peripheral) vision. Peripheral vision loss can indicate glaucoma.
A visual activity test makes you read an eye chart to see how well you see at different distances.
Tonometry measures the inner pressure of your eye to help detect glaucoma.
Dilation involves getting eye drops that widen your pupils. This gives a clear picture of vital tissues at the back of your eye, including the retina, macula, and optic nerve.
Refraction test here, you look through a device with lenses of different strengths to help your eye doctor figure out the lenses that will give you the clearest vision.
Common Eye Problems & Solutions.
1. Use of Eye Drops:
Our eyes come in contact with loose foreign material, pollutants like smoke or colon, and even chlorinated water throughout the day. If you do not clean your eyes regularly, these harmful substances can result in infections and cause the eyes’ degeneration.
When you have dry eye syndrome or have red, irritated eyes, many people reach for lubricating eye drops that can reduce any discomfort or irritation caused in the eye. But there are different eye drops formulated to treat different dry eye syndrome.
There are 3 major classifications of dry eye:
Aqueous deficient dry eye
Evaporative forms of dry eye
Mixed dry eyes.
However, if you are using an eye drop, which is specially designed for aqueous deficient dry eye, but in fact, you have an evaporative form of the dry eye, then it’s just not going to work as well.
If you’re uncertain about the exact type of dry eye syndrome you’ve got. We highly encourage that you reach out to your local eye care professional.
2. Other Eye Concerns:
Many eye disorders show no early symptoms. These can vary from the extremely rare to the more commonly seen.
Cataracts: Usually, our natural lens is clear to give us a clear vision. Cataracts, however, are a condition in which the lens gets cloudy, and we see blurred images.
Treatment- You would have to undergo multiple tests, including the refraction test. And if the cataract is diagnosed, surgery must be performed to swap the original but cloudy lens with a new and artificial lens.
Macular Degeneration: The cause of blindness in this condition is described by damage to the macula, the retina area that perceives light.
Treatment- Unfortunately, macular degeneration has no proven cure. The disease’s progression could be slowed down by current treatments, including- Anti-angiogenic drugs, Laser therapy, Photodynamic laser therapy.
Diabetic Retinopathy: Diabetic retinopathy is due to prolonged high blood sugar levels related to diabetes types 1 and 2. If left untreated, it may cause blindness.
Treatment- Laser surgery will, in most cases, prevent severe vision loss due to diabetic retinopathy. Other than this, a laser photocoagulation procedure can seal the leaking blood vessels in the retina.
Eye bags are the name given to the puffy fluid-filled bag-like shape that appears underneath the eyes and creates these shadows underneath, which look like dark circles.
One of the significant causes is ageing, which we can’t stop, but we can help ease the process. There are other causes for eye bags as well, including hormonal imbalance, nutritional deficiency, smoking, or stress.
Depending on the cause, there are various methods to minimise eye bags (or under-eye puffiness).
These quick fixes will help if you wake up occasionally with puffy lids.
Reduce your salt intake. This reduces the fluid retention that can cause bags under your eyes.
Use cold compresses. Wet a clean washcloth with cold water. Apply the damp washcloth for a few minutes with mild pressure to your skin under and around your eyes.
Apply tea bags. Steep 2 tea bags for 3-5 minutes and keep them in the refrigerator. Then squeeze out the liquid and apply it to your under-eye areas. Leave it for 15-30 minutes.
4. Dark Circles:
Dark circles are pretty standard and do not involve serious health concerns. Its appearance, however, can cause stress to people. Even if you have good skin, those dark circles’ appearance will make you look old, tired, and dull.
Regardless of the cause of dark circles, daily eye care is the simplest way to recover from stress. However, several home-based treatments are available to improve the appearance of your eyes.
Among the most common methods are:
Apply potato juice for soothing under the eyes.
Apply crushed mint leaves under the eyes.
Apply cold milk to the eyes.
DIY Coffee and Honey Scrub for dark circles.
Apply cold tea bags to your eyes.
Use rosewater to soothe the under-eye skin.
Maintaining good eye care is essential, and regular eye doctor visits make it even easier. Remember, good eyesight starts with the food on your plate, along with easing lifestyle stresses, and if you find any concerns in your vision, it might be time to reach out to your optometrist for a checkup.