November 14th is World Diabetes Day. One of the fastest spreading, almost an epidemic in today’s lifestyle. Diabetes also known as DIABETES MELLITUS. Derived from the Greek word diabetes meaning siphon – to pass through and the Latin word MELLITUS meaning honeyed or sweet. This is because in diabetes excess of sugar is found in blood as well as urine. Back in the 17th and 18th Century it was also known as “PISSING EVIL”.
What is diabetes?
It can be defined as that condition in which the body fails to utilize the ingested glucose properly. A situation like this usually occurs due to the lack of the hormone insulin or maybe because the insulin which is available in our body is not put to effective use.
Types of Diabetes
Diabetes can be categorized into two types. First, Type 1 Diabetes also called Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus which usually occurs at a younger age or childhood, in which case the patient lacks the hormone insulin and an external administration of the hormone is regularly required as a treatment.
Other type in majority amongst the diabetic population is Type 2 Diabets mellitus also known as Maturity Onset Diabetes Mellitus. As the name suggests this is that form of Diabetes which people get with time.
Owing to the changing lifestyle of people the Type 2 Diabetes is increasing at a rapid rate. In this form of Diabetes, not enough insulin is produced or the insulin that is made by the body is insufficient to meet body needs. This also leads to obesity and being overweight.
Type 1 diabetes can develop quickly, over weeks or even days whereas Type 2 diabetes develops gradually.
Another form is Gestational Diabetes which occurs in pregnant women, who have never had it before but show a high level of blood sugar during pregnancy. After childbirth there is a grave possibility that the mother may develop type 2 diabetes.
Causes of Diabetes & Symptoms
When food is taken in it is broken down into glucose for the body utilize as energy. In normal situations insulin regulates how much glucose is there in the blood. Insulin also stimulates the liver to absorb and store any glucose that is excess in blood. When blood glucose levels falls, during workout, the insulin level in our body falls as well.
Some of the common symptoms of are increased thirst, increased hunger and increased frequency of urination. Lethargy, weight loss and loss of muscle bulk are other symptoms.
Prevention is Better than Cure
The complications can be reduced by responsibly adhering to medical advice. Blood sugar levels should be regularly monitored so that any problem can be detected and treated at a much early stage. Treatment usually involves healthy diet, exercise and oral medications so to regulate the blood sugar levels.
One such astounding Product is OneTouch UltraEasy, which makes it a breeze to keep Blood Sugar levels at constant check without bothering you much. Its fast and hassle free.
Diabetic Food supplements also help you to maintain body requirements.
The problem with this disease is that it makes complications with other part of the body as well.
- Eye complications –
- Foot complications
- Skin complications
- Heart complications
- Hypertension – Common in people with diabetes, which can raise the risk of kidney disease, eye problems, heart attack and stroke
- Mental health
- Hearing loss
- Gum disease
- Erectile dysfunction
- Healing of wounds
Diabetes is a serious disease, two thirds of diabetes patients die prematurely from stroke or heart disease. The life expectancy of a person with diabetes is five to ten years shorter than other people’s.
India is gradually emerging as the “diabetes capital” of the world, Around 50 to 60 million Indians suffer from heart disease and if figures are further explained, every 10th Indian suffers with either CAD or diabetes.
With time it has spread like a wildfire across the globe and it is of utmost for all of us to come together and spread the awareness. Exercise regularly, eat healthy and stay happy!